Substandard and falsified medicines in African pharmaceutical markets

Substandard and falsified (SF) medicines are a global health problem. Their high prevalence is a threat to public health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there are few street-level investigations of how this market works. This case study examines the supply and demand for SF medicines in Southern Ethiopia. Efforts to address the problem… Read More »

Fear Messaging in a Global Pandemic

We consider the UK Independent Scientific Pandemic Insights Group on Behaviours’ (SPI-B) support for fear messaging during the global COVID-19 pandemic, evaluate the consequences and make recommendations for the future. Using evidence from published documents, we show that SPI-B supported the use of fear messaging during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is inconsistent with the extant… Read More »

Misrepresenting Pragmatism: Response to Greenhalgh and Engebretsen

Written with the estimable Colin Axon and Jackie Cassell to correct some egregious misunderstandings of what pragmatist philosophy has to say about science and scientific method. “While we would not defend every detail of Covid-19 pandemic management, particularly its exclusion of important bodies of social scientific research, pragmatism’s caution, respect for standards of evidence, and… Read More »

New consultancy – Strengthening the Europe-Africa Digital Ecosystem Through Increased R&I Cooperation

Dingwall Enterprises have been appointed to provide independent ethics advice to the EU HORIZON Coordination and Support Action SEADE (Strengthening the Europe-Africa Digital Ecosystem Through Increased R&I Cooperation) The SEADE project provides fundamental and tangible support services to the Research and Innovation (R&I) ecosystems of Europe (EU) and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), undertaking human-centred research, programme… Read More »

There’s something in the air…but is it a virus? Part 1

The Covid-19 pandemic has, almost inevitably, exposed important differences in writing about the history of disease. Is this a narrative driven by a desire to win an argument in the present or is it intended to reconstruct the thinking of the past in its own terms?… This clash is particularly evident in the disputes about… Read More »

How Intelligent is Artificial Intelligence?

Today’s moral panic is about AI and machine learning. Governments around the world are hastening to adopt positions and regulate what they are told is a potentially existential threat to humanity – and certainly to a lot of middle class voters in service occupations. However, it is notable that most of the hype is coming… Read More »

Oppenheimer: Science, Culture and Politics

Christopher Nolan’s film about J Robert Oppenheimer makes for a long evening and requires serious concentration. Cillian Murphy’s performance in the central role is an extraordinary representation of a man tormented by many demons even before his role in the atomic bomb programme… Such a richly textured film also has footnotes that are worth a… Read More »